$  Market Economy » Historiography » Cyclical Theory of History » Oswald Spengler (New 2019) Edit. Cyclical theories were especially popular in 17th- and 18th- century Western European social thought; the economic and cultural upsurge that marked this period was viewed by many as a renascence of classical antiquity after its medieval decline. The cyclical theory refers to a model used by historians Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr. and Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. to explain the fluctuations in politics throughout American history. It is the one work which demonstrably made use of them. In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct? 1 Anaximander (610-540 BC), the Student of Thales was the doyen of the pre-sophist school of thought. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Marxism-Leninism counterposes the dialectical-materialist theory of the progressive development of society—namely, dialectical materialism—to all cyclical and other unscientific conceptions of social development.   ☭ Socialist Economy. John Gray, a British philosopher notable for being one of the only public intellectuals to anticipate the economic collapse of 2008, told Big Think that boom times are deceptive because history … These theories represented a progressive development, inasmuch as they emphasized the natural order and laws of history in contrast to various theological and providential concepts and in opposition to the view that history is ruled by chance and by the arbitrary actions of outstanding individuals. In this theory, the United States's national mood alternates between liberalism and conservatism. Menu.   €  Mixed Economy Two Basic Worldviews in History There are two basic worldviews: The view that history is cyclical and the view that history is linear. They considered democracy and monarchy as the healthy regimes of the higher ages; and oligarchy and tyranny as corrupted regimes common to the lower ages. Cyclical theories were also significant from the cognitive point of view; they resulted, for example, in a systematic chronology (listing the 30 dynasties of the Old, Middle, and New kingdoms of Egypt), the identification of various trends in the changing forms of political administration (in Aristotle’s historical study of 158 Greek city-states), and such comparative historical studies as those of Polybius and Ssu-ma Ch’ien, yielding some interesting parallels between different peoples and epochs. As the reader, you will decide which to believe. If I'm not "getting it" then there is a probability that others aren't as well. Human nature everywhere responds to the influence of personality. Some of the supporters of cyclical theories—E. The cyclic theory of time has been held in regard to the three fields of religion, of history (both human and cosmic), and of personal life. … These theories are invariably pseudoscience and often based solely on subjective observations or opinions. Cyclical theories thus contributed to the development of the comparative historical method in the social sciences. But it will be useful to offerseveral simple answers to this foundational question as a sort ofconceptual map of the nature of historical knowing. Thiseffort is an answer to questions like these: “What happened?What was i… Book Theory and History in International Relations. Ingenious scholars, surveying life from afar, are apt to interpret historical events as the outcome of impersonal forces which shape the course of nations unknown to themselves. Materialist self-interest always look at a position of personal security and power. 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