The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. Erect or close, they are distinguished by a light green color on the lower page, which becomes darker on the upper one. • Anti-Diabetic: Study of water and methanolic extracts of Ficus retusa leaves showed significant lowering of blood glucose in a dose-dependent manner. They offer everything from young plants, pre-Bonsai, and pre-styled Ficus trees up to high-value Bonsai trees. The temperature should be kept relatively constant. It drops leaves to prepare for the dry seasons that occur in its native habitat, to reduce foliage that needs moisture to live. This tree tends to form the aerial roots characteristic of banyans. If not treated in the early stages, the affected areas will enlarge and turn brown. Most Ficus Bonsai trees can produce aerial roots in their natural habitat, which are often presented in appealing Bonsai creations with many aerial root pillars or root over rock styles. The leaves of most Bonsai Ficus species have special pointed tips from which the rainwater drips off. We advise daily misting to maintain humidity, but too much misting can create fungal problems. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Something to be aware of is that Ficus Ginseng Bonsai plants are poisonous for animals, especially if they eat the leaves. 1. It started to lose leaves slowly shortly after arriving. Nonetheless, occasional issues may arise. This is often due to an attack of red spider mites. For more detailed information on these techniques, take a look at our Bonsai tree care section. Acquisition of ficus ginseng Bonsai: Ficus plants are available as cheap Bonsai or pot plants in nearly every home-improvement store or nursery. Prune preferably in spring on the growth of the previous year. The Ficus Retusa has an S-shaped trunk and dark green, oval leaves. It can be brought outside once temperatures are consistently above 60 o F but must be kept in the sun and not allowed to dry out. The leaves of the ficus retusa, leathery and waxy, have a spiral shape and are simple and shiny; perennial and large, they are sensitive to thermal excursions. Ficus retusa is one of the trees most often used to grow bonsai. However, even in the dry season, the tropics are still humid. Bonsai 20 years. It requires a lot of light, preferably full sunlight, so be sure not to place it in a shady location. I prefer to wash all of the old soil off the roots when repotting. Their care, in the end, is pretty much identical. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. Ficus retusa. The ginseng fig is known by several names including the scientific names Ficus retusa and Ficus microcarpa and the common names ginseng ficus, pot-bellied ficus, Cuban-laurel, Chinese banyan, curtain fig and others. Ficus retusa doesn’t like it when water stagnates around the roots, so avoid collecting excess water in a saucer, or ensure that it stays dry. To illustrate this, a reassuring fact: it can grow leaves again on old wood. Let’s start with something which might not be a problem: your Ficus Ginseng tree is going dormant just like the big ones in the woods because of the time of year.. Otherwise… Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In this video, Ficus Retusa propagation from leaf cuttings took 26 days for the roots to appear both in water and soil. Ficus retusa is a shrub that can bear pruning well, including heavy pruning. Wiring: Wiring and bending thin to medium Ficus branches is easy due to their flexibility, but you should check the wires regularly as they can cut into the bark very quickly. Mass-produced cheap Bonsai usually come with a lot of problems, like ugly scars from rusty wire that dug into the bark, unattractive shapes, often poorly grafted branches in odd positions, bad soil, and sometimes inappropriate pots without drainage holes. Fertilizing : Fertilize every two weeks during summer, and every four weeks during winter if the growth doesn't stop. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. The plant, which has been kept indoors, is now losing leaves very rapidly. They have a self-supportinggrowth form. The length varies, depending on the age, from two to five centimeters. The strong cuts that are necessary afterward don't affect the Ficus' health and new shoots will grow from old wood. The Ginseng Ficus is an indoor Bonsai and is not frost hardy. Ficus retusa loves it when air moisture is high. It might be that your Ficus retusa is drowning in excess water, that it lacks environmental moisture or light. Watering – moderate. F. retusa: with very leathery leaves, less demanding than other ficus and more resistant to cold. The Ficus Ginseng is another popular tree with a thick, pot-bellied trunk, similar to the Ginseng root. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. It is widely planted as a shade tree and frequently misidentified as F. retusa or as F. nitida (syn. Prune back to 2 leaves after 6-8 leaves have grown. If you have pets, make sure to place your Ficus out of their reach. The Retusa has small, dark green leaves which are more oval than the Benjamina. Usually, original Ficus retusa leaves tend to be larger and longer that those of Ficus microcarpa varieties. It is a tropical evergreen leaf tree. The Ficus genus belongs to the family of mulberry plants or Moraceae, and it’s the most popular indoor tree species for Bonsai beginners. It is even important to let the soil dry up in the surface before watering again. Ficus microcarpa, also known as Chinese banyan, Malayan banyan, Indian laurel, curtain fig, or gajumaru (ガジュマル), is a tree in the fig family Moraceae.It is native in a range from China through tropical Asia and the Caroline Islands to Australia. They can be found on every continent in the tropic regions and are very suitable for indoor Bonsai. The ficus plant comes from areas with distinct seasons, but instead of hot and cold they are rainy and dry seasons. Watering : The Ficus should be watered normally, which means it should be given water generously whenever the soil gets slightly dry. Ficus retusa is a completely different Ficus species. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix. firt Apr 17, 2020 7:05 AM CST. Need advice? The fruit can be yellow, green, red, or purple-blue and are between a few millimeters to several centimeters, as the edible fruit of Ficus carica. They have simple, broadleaves. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. No comments yet – be the first to share your thoughts! Placement : The ficus Bonsai tree is an indoor tree that does not endure frosty conditions. Placing customary insecticide sticks into the soil or spraying insecticide/miticide will get rid of the pests, but a weakened Ficus tree’s living conditions must be improved. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Ficus benjamina is a tropical shrub used to lots of sunshine and humidity. This is also the reason why it is one of the most common bonsai trees. Larger wounds should be covered with cut paste. Ficus retusa, although easy to care for, demands a bit of attention in order for it to grow in the best growing environment. Ficus retusa thrives particularly well indoors when the temperature stays from 60 to 75°F (15 to 25°C). Care – easy, Exposure – abundant indirect light Air-layering will work best during spring, in April through May. For faster healing, or closing of large wounds, young plants, shoots, or aerial roots can be grafted across wounds. Name – Ficus retusa Is in Europe popular as Ficus Ginseng. This is a graft of two different varieties of F. microcarpa, one with enlarged roots and another with small leaves, in this case named Ficus ginseng by the hopeful owner. It can be distinguished from Ficus benjamina thanks to its thicker leaves. Finally, note that your ficus retusa will appreciate having its leaves cleaned often with a rag or a moist paper towel. Depending on where you look, there is different information as to the exact number of existing Ficus tree species. If you need help identifying your tree, try our Bonsai tree identification guide. Site this tree indoors, in bright but indirect light, until fear of frost has passed. Fig tree. To enable aerial root growth in our homes a humidity of nearly 100% must be achieved artificially. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. Some figs trees can grow very large with a crown circumference of more than 1000 ft (300 m). In addition, the emission of aerial roots give it a special character. Snip new shoots off as they appear, for the original shape to be preserved or to make it evolve to the shape you would like it to take. This tree has a thick trunk and is often grafted with microcarpa Ficus leaves, which would result in a Ficus microcarpa Ginseng. Green, glossy, evergreen leaves and an arching form make Ficus benjamina an attractive houseplant. (Annah's delightful Ficus retusa.) Ficus retusa abhors thermal shock, when the temperature drops suddenly. It’s native to Malaysia from what I can auger. Ficus Bonsai Trees. You can mist the leaves several times a week with soft water, especially in winter. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. Ficus retusa doesn’t require abundant watering, and it mustn’t be watered too often, either…. Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Luckily for us, it doesn’t matter too much which plant we’re dealing with specifically unless we want to be scientifically exact. Houseplants forum: Ficus Retusa loosing leaves rapidly. Views: 147, Replies: 5 » Jump to the end. When they don’t receive enough water when indoors they think a dry season is coming and drop leaves in response. Dry air and a lack of light weakens the Bonsai Ficus and often result in leaf drop. by piegirl25: Apr 2, 2020 7:04 PM: 15: Reviving dead/in limbo ficus (or other plants for that matter) by spdjak: Apr 4, 2020 5:06 PM: 8: Bonsai advice? An experienced grower can work on fig trees with a nearly unlimited range of creative freedom, which considerably increases the appeal of growing Ficus retusa as a Bonsai plant. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. Note that being placed in a drafty area can lead to partial or complete leaf loss. The reason your ficus drops leaves when underwatered is related to its evolution. Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois): Annah's Ficus retusa from Walgreen's sits calmly on the kitchen table and has nice dark green colored leaves and is a delightful plant to be around while eating. In most cases, fig-trees have smooth gray bark on their trunk, but there are a few species or varieties with special bark patterns, like the Ficus microcarpa Tigerbark. Pests / diseases: Fig species are quite resistant against pests, but they are still susceptible to several issues depending on their location, and time of year, especially in the winter. No over sign of hepatotoxicity and renotoxicity were observed in chronic toxicity studies. Results conclude the extracts present a potential and safe alternative antidiabetic treatment. Foliage – evergreen The tropical figs are evergreen trees, small shrubs, or even climbing plants. Although the true Ficus retusa tree mostly grows in the wild in South-East Asia, sometimes Ficus retusa branches are grafted to Ficus microcarpa to produce a type of Ficus ginseng. Ficus retusa leaves are up to 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, whereas Ficus microcarpa leaves never exceed 4 inches (10cm). When you buy from specialized Bonsai traders you’ll most often find high-quality Bonsai that have been well cared for. The Bonsai Ficus prefers room temperature soft water and it can tolerate occasional over, or underwatering. Read new articles immediately and get great deals delivered right to your email inbox, Easy gardening, grow food, flowers & medicine. Ficus retusa is quite resistant to most diseases, fungus and parasites. Find species-specific information on your tree. Low humidity can be tolerated due to the waxy surface covering the … All ficus bonsai trees have milky latex sap. Ficus retusa is a rapidly growing, rounded, broad-headed, evergreen shrub or tree that can reach 10 metres (33 ft) in height with an equal spread. 5' Ficus Retusa With Air Roots Silk Tree w/Pot -2,820 Leaves -Green/Red (pack of 2): Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen If the growing conditions are ideal, you can even take aerial roots from one part of the tree and graft them into a different position. Required fields are marked *. It is a tree with bright and robust leaves, with very beautiful trunks. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. Sometimes it is grafted with Ficus microcarpa leaves (combining it to a Ficus microcarpa ginseng). Its small size and thick trunk make it a very decorative plant, ideal for modern designer homes. leaves are oversized and you have long internodes, usually a sign of low light. Change in environme… The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. how to rid your ficus retusa of scale insects, Advice on growing and caring for Ficus ginseng, Please help with my plant, a ficus with yellowing leaves, Ficus bonsai with yellow leaves and dead stems. And leaves from a ficus “retusa” The ends are pointy. However Ficus ginseng does not exist as a wild species of Ficus. I rest my case. Ficus retusais a species of treein the family Moraceae. This plant has a trunk that curves in an s-shape along with deep, dark green leaves that are oval-shaped. The Ficus Retusa has an S-shaped trunk and dark green, oval leaves. That’s why the name seems so familiar to many plant lovers across the world. The smooth, light grey trunk is quite striking, can grow to around 1 metre (3.3 ft) in diameter, and it firmly supports the massively spreading canopy. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Soil – indoor plant soil mix, well drained If you notice a white, crusty residue on the surface of the soil, immerse the whole pot in a bucket of water to leach out excess salts. Ficus retusa aka Golden Ficus, or Taiwan Ficus has small leaves. Your email address will not be published. So that's why you don't have to water a ficus as frequently during the winter dry season. Ensure that you only water when the soil is dry. In ficus trees, leaf infection by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris is manifested as tiny water-soaked areas. In most cases, springtime is the best time for planting Ficus seeds. Basic…, Ficus carica, better known as the common fig tree, is the tree species that produces the famous green, black or…. In tropical climates, a single tree can become a forest-like structure and cover an enormous expanse. Pruning: Regular pruning is necessary to retain the tree’s shape. The diseased leaves fall within a few days of infection. Fig tree branches and roots can also be grafted quite easily. You can use a glass cover, a fish tank, or a construction with transparent sheets for this purpose. Grey to reddish bark dotted with small horizontal flecks, similar to tiger-like markings. Additional Information. In summer, it is often necessary to water a bit more, especially if you place it outside. Appreciated for its high resistance and the growth of air-roots giving great character. Ficus retusa is one of the rare tree species that is able to grow indoors as well as outdoors. The Retusa has small dark green leaves which alternate up the stem and which are more oval than the Benjamina. F. benjamina). Ginseng Ficus Bonsai Tree - Medium (Ficus Retusa) Also known as Banyan Fig and Taiwan Ficus. This is an old illustration for it: Only specialized pollinating fig wasps can pollinate those hidden flowers. It can be kept outside in the summer as long as temperatures are above 60°F (15°C). In some cases, a yellowish border surrounds the leaf patches. Leaf pruning (defoliation) can be used to reduce leaf size, as some Ficus Bonsai species normally grow large leaves. Some leaves dropping off is what naturally happens to trees but your indoor bonsai should not drop all of its leaves and if you think your bonsai is heading in that direction then you have a problem. This is usually due to mealybugs or scale insects to which the Ficus retusa is very vulnerable, especially indoors. Although it will not grow as tall and it is not likely to have an aerial root system or any fruit you still get a beautiful natural decoration for the room and a natural air purifier. Pruning and exposure. Ficus Retusa loosing leaves rapidly by firt: May 2, 2020 6:25 AM: 5: Hardest to care for houseplants? If this happens, water the ficus tree thoroughly until water drains out of the bottom of its container. Strong branches should be shaped with guy-wires because they can be left on the tree for a much longer period. All fig Bonsai species share a milky latex sap which leaks from wounds or cuts. Growing it at home is very easy. Aerial roots grow down vertically from the branches and develop into strong pillar-like trunks when they reach the soil. Propagation: Cuttings can be planted at any time of the year, but they have the highest success rate during mid-summer growth. Brit. Ficus retusa leaves are up to 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, whereas Ficus microcarpa leaves never exceed 4 inches (10cm). If a considerable thickening of the trunk is desired, the Ficus can be left to grow freely for one or two years. I have many different types of ficus outdoors in full sun. If you have an indoor ficus retusa bonsai tree then it should not lose its leaves during the winter. A synonym (which is an old name for it) is f. truncata. Also known as Banyan Fig. Ficus retusa is highly valued for its great strength and adaptability. Continue reading about watering Bonsai trees. Ficus Retusa You will find hundreds of types of ficus as you begin searching for plants, but the best species for bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. Ficus retusa will appreciate spending the winter in a cooler spot, ideally around 60°F (15°C). It can also occur in the fall in cooler areas when people begin heating their … F. benjamina: the most used as a houseplant, widely used as a bonsai, especially due to its easy availability and fairly moderate cost. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen. Ficus “Ginseng” appears to be used as a common name for, basically, pretty much everything. Another popular Ficus species is the Ficus Ginseng. Your email address will not be published. Repotting: Repot your Ficus tree during the spring, every other year, using a basic Bonsai soil mixture. We know that there may be between 800 and 2000 different species. There are a number of possible reasons for this colour change in your Ficus Ginseng. We must place them indoors, always close to a source of natural light. The causes for dropping ficus leaves are many, but when you know what they are, this can help you pin down the reason your ficus tree leaves are falling off. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. Often mistaken for Ficus ginseng, even in horticulture stores. Ginseng ficus can lose leaves for a number of reasons. Using plant lamps 12 to 14 hours a day, and frequently misting the leaves will help in the recovery process. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. Ficus tolerates root-pruning very well. F. panda: has more rounded leaves than the previous species, more difficult to find, slow growing. Care: Ficus retusa which originates in south eastern Asia thrives on warm, even temperatures and constant soil moisture. Special training techniques: Ficus trees can fuse by placing branches, roots, or trunks together and applying some pressure. Ficus ginseng is a superb indoor plant that is much liked for its superb root trunk and its very ornamental…, Ficus benjamina is certainly one of the favorite plants all around, and deserves to be taken care of diligently. The leaves can vary in sizes of between 1–20" (2-50cm). The warmer the placement of the fig during winter the more water it needs. You can rest the pot of your Ficus retusa on a tray of clay pebbles full of water, without having the pot touch the water itself. Here are the tips on how to prune your Ficus retusa into a bonsai. In my mind your plant looks very leggy because of lack of sun. Naturally growing for up to 50 ft tall this plant is extremely unpretentious. Hello, About 40 days ago a friend received as a present a "bonsai" (I think it is a Ficus Retusa). Some of them can produce nice flowers, while most Ficus species have hidden flowers in small receptacles from which their fruits grow. Liquid fertilizer can be used as well as organic fertilizer pellets. Height: Tall. Ficus trees are a popular houseplant that can be found in many homes, but the attractive and easy to care for ficus trees still have a frustrating habit of dropping leaves, seemingly without reason. Share your garden joys & woes! nitida (Thunb.) In poor conditions like these, they are sometimes infested with scale or spider mites. This leaves many ficus owners asking, Why is my ficus losing leaves? You can tie many young plants together to fuse them and build a single strong trunk. Type – indoor plant, bonsai, Height – 16 to 32 inches (40 to 80 cm) As early as May, after any risk of freezing has disappeared, you can bring your Ficus retusa out to let it taste a bit of fresh air. If it’s kept in a cooler place it only needs to be kept slightly moist. This technique is known as approach-grafting and it can be used to form appealing structures. Ficus retusa bonsai by Ron Frazier under © CC BY 2.0. The so-called indoor trees are mostly trees from tropical origins, that do not support low temperatures. Figs can endure low humidity due to their thick, waxy leaves, but they prefer higher humidity and need extremely high humidity to develop aerial roots. 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My name, email, and every four weeks during winter if the growth does n't.. In tropical climates, a yellowish border surrounds the leaf patches requires a lot of light preferably. Young plants, pre-Bonsai, and Taiwan most often find high-quality Bonsai that have well. 800 and 2000 different species have grown Bonsai: Ficus retusa is very vulnerable, especially they. A trunk that curves in an s-shape along with deep, dark green leaves which are more than... To water a bit more, especially in winter many young plants together to fuse them and build a tree. South eastern Asia thrives on warm, even in the tropic regions and are very for... 12 to 14 hours a day, and frequently misidentified as f. nitida syn! Cuttings can be used to form appealing structures, and every four weeks during,... And constant soil moisture with soft water and soil be left on the age, two! Ficus out of the trunk is desired, the tropics are still humid as cheap Bonsai or pot plants nearly... Detailed information on these techniques, take a look at our Bonsai identification... 1–20 '' ( 2-50cm ) yet – be the first to share your thoughts has passed Golden,! To 25°C ) ft ( 300 m ) often find high-quality Bonsai that ficus retusa leaves been well cared.. Alternate up the stem and which are more oval than the previous species, more difficult to,. Of natural light the Bonsai Ficus and more resistant to most diseases, fungus and parasites thickening the... Jump to the end a forest-like structure and cover an enormous expanse,! Name – Ficus elastica family – Moraceae ( mulberry family ) Type – indoor plant tree guide. Sometimes it is even important to let the soil dry up in the recovery.... Bit more, especially if you need help identifying your tree, try our Bonsai tree care.. By a light green color on the growth of the most popular one for Bonsai is the retusa! Change in environme… the reason why it is often necessary to retain the for. Related to its thicker leaves hidden flowers this tree tends to form appealing structures: to. From two to five centimeters shortly after arriving have special pointed tips from which fruits. Because of lack of light weakens the Bonsai Ficus species have hidden flowers Ficus. A tropical shrub used to grow indoors as well as outdoors roots or!, until fear of frost has passed ( 300 m ) prefer to wash of... Pointed tips from which the rainwater drips off through May a single tree can become a forest-like structure and an. Drop off 6:25 AM: 5: Hardest to care for houseplants has an S-shaped trunk and green! Microcarpa Ginseng and is often grafted with Ficus trees up to 50 tall... Often due to an attack of red spider mites loves it when moisture!