Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Keep this in mind when growing and caring for your container birch tree and it will thrive. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. If control is necessary, always spray in the early evening. The river birch has not yet reached the popularity of many maples and oaks, but it is well on its way. This native birch grows at a medium to rapid rate (30 to 40 feet over a 20-year period). Heritage is a cultivar of a native River Birch tree with exquisite, peeling, exfoliating bark that is … Trees typically live 50 -75 years. Should not be planted in very alkaline soil. Heritage® — glossy green foliage, oval growth habit, 50 feet tall and 35 feet wide at maturity The river birch can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. Separate male and female flowers are borne on the same tree; the male in the form of a catkin, and the female in cone-like clusters that fall from the tree and are blown for long distances by the wind. Introduction To River Birch Tree. Fox Valley® (‘Little King’) – This cultivar is a dwarf that may reach 8 to 10 feet tall and 9 to 12 feet wide in 10 years with good growing conditions. Growth rate is medium. Photo by Karen Russ, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension. This tree has a rounded canopy and grows to a maximum height of 70 feet and width of 60 feet. It is considered more heat and drought tolerant than the species. The river birch grows to a height of 40–70' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Betula nigra, the river birch, is a very common shade tree in the Midwest. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. This is a fast-growing tree that averages about 36 inches of growth per year. As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. Periodic pruning is required to remove these branches; this can be done at any time of year. Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft 3 (590 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.49, .59. Birches grow best in full sun to partial shade sites. The graceful elegance of the birch allows it to be used as a specimen or for naturalizing, and is best used in large areas. And in Grumpy's opinion, the bigger a river birch gets, the less attractive it … The trunk typically grows about 2 feet in diameter but occasionally will be much wider. The bark of younger trees is pinkish to reddish brown. The trunk of this tree often is short, branching into several large limbs that grow upward. This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Lore Betula nigra 'Little King' reportedly does not produce catkins (flowers) as most birch trees do. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. It is a tree that has something to offer for every season.. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. However, pruning healthy branches should be done in the summer to provide adequate time for cuts to heal, because late season pruning will result in spring “bleeding”. City Slicker® (‘Whit XXV’ PP16573) – The exfoliating bark reveals creamy white inner bark. Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? The river birch grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. Although the river birch thrives in wet areas, it does not require excessive amounts of water. The Fox Valley ® river birch is a Chicagoland Grows ® introduction that demonstrates resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). They tend to grow between 40 and 70 feet (12-21 m.) in height. This is especially so since the introduction in 1979 and gradual recognition of the Heritage River birch cultivar (Betula nigra ‘Cully’), which culminated in it winning the 2002 Urban Tree of the Year award as determined by responses to an annual survey in arborist magazine City Trees. Prompt sprays of B.t. River birch is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in the south. River birch trees grow rather quickly, at a rate of about 1.5 feet per year. The catkins of the River Birch are used by redpolls and pine siskins. x ‘Royal Frost’ – This birch has burgundy-red to purple foliage, followed by yellow-orange to red fall color. One aphid causes the leaves to crinkle in the spring. It is a hybrid of. River birch was first cultivated in 1736. Dura-Heat® (‘BNMTF’ PPAF) – This is a smaller cultivar that grows to 30 to 40 feet tall. Grows up to 8-10 ft. tall and wide (240-300 cm) in 10 years. Young trees have salmon- to rust-colored bark that matures to a silvery gray. In 2002, one of its cultivars was even named the Urban Tree of the Year by the Society of Municipal Arborists. The exposed inner bark is gray-brown to cinnamon-brown to reddish brown. A champion specimen of this tree in Hamilton County, Ohio measured 87 feet tall in 1985. River Birch trees are native to South Eastern United State and as the name represents they are mainly found along the rivers and streams sides having inadequately drained soil. River birches are not particularly long-lived trees, however. River Birch is a semi-aquatic plant and is a landscape tree due to its rich colours and appealing drooping branches. Noteworthy Characteristics. Distribution: Eastern United States. These lovely trees can get 40 to 70 feet tall with a spread of 40 to 60 feet at maturity, so keep that in mind when selecting a planting site. ‘Shiloh Splash’ (PP16362) – This is a variegated leaf cultivar of river birch with green foliage edged in creamy white. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. These trees prefer full sun but will tolerate partial shade. Heritage Birch can grow very quickly. Betula nigra (River Birch) is a bushy deciduous tree prized for its incredible peeling bark. Janka Hardness: 970 lb f (4,320 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity Mature size is around 40' tall x 30' wide. Features glossy green leaves that are 2–3" long and somewhat triangular. The leaves are alternate, double serrated, wedge-shaped, and sharply pointed. Although it tends to be a medium-sized tree, one tree in Alabama has grown to 111 feet tall, with a diameter of more than 4 feet. Buy your River Birch Tree Today! It grows to 30 feet tall and 15 feet wide. It tends to be short-lived (30 to 40 years) on many urban sites, possibly due to a shortage of water in restricted areas. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, … The River Birch is deciduous and often grows into a multi-trunked tree. 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